A hip replacement, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that involves removing a damaged or worn-out hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint, or prosthesis. This procedure is typically performed to relieve pain and improve functionality in individuals with severe hip joint problems, often caused by conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or hip fractures.
During a hip replacement surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged cartilage and bone from the hip joint and replaces it with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. The artificial hip joint is designed to mimic the natural structure and movement of a healthy hip, allowing for improved mobility and reduced pain.
Hip replacements can be total or partial, depending on the extent of the joint damage. In a total hip replacement, both the ball (head of the femur) and the socket (acetabulum) are replaced. In a partial hip replacement, only the damaged part of the hip joint is replaced.
Candidates for hip replacement surgery often experience persistent hip pain, stiffness, and limited mobility that significantly impact their daily activities. Before recommending surgery, healthcare professionals typically explore non-surgical treatments, such as medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. If these conservative measures fail to provide relief, a hip replacement may be considered a viable option to enhance the patient’s quality of life and restore functionality.